How Does a Refrigerator Work?

If you’re like most homeowners you do not give much thought to the parts of a refrigerator until it shuts down, or before it is time to buy a new one. In order to get the most use possible from this important appliance it can be good to understand how it keeps your food and drinks cool—and Total Toledo Appliance Repair is here to help.

Read below to learn all you will want to understand concerning how a refrigerator runs, how it cools your food and if it is the time to reach out to refrigerator repair Toledo.

Parts of a Refrigerator

You will not find too many homes that do not have a refrigerator in the kitchen. It’s been a must-own household appliance for many years. A household refrigerator stores food and drinks at the best temperature, to prevent rotting and slow down bacteria. The cycle of refrigeration works by distributing the heat from the interior of the appliance to the outside, using the principles of condensation and evaporation.

The standard parts of your refrigerator are below. For questions or service call Total Toledo Appliance Repair:


A compressor is a combination of a motor and a pump, and it is responsible for the circulation of refrigerant dispersed in the cooling system.
A compressor is a very important piece of a refrigerator. You should hire a professional company if the compressor is broken.


The refrigerator condenser is found on the back exterior wall of the refrigerator and is there to release the warmth absorbed from inside the refrigerator out to the air.


A evaporator is stored in the interior of a refrigerator where absorbs the heat contained within it, thereby lowering the interior temperature.

The moment an evaporator stops working, it’s time to find a professional. Don’t wait until it’s too late.

Expansion Device

Liquid refrigerant is transferred within a capillary tube that works as an expansion tool to cool the gas, thereby transforming the gas into liquid.


A refrigerator thermostat regulates the current temperature in the interior of the refrigerator, beginning a new cooling cycle when required.

A thermostat inside of a refrigerator is prone to problems. Troubleshoot and hire a technician in Toledo for service right when an issue occurs.

How Does Refrigeration Work?

1. The moment the temperature within the refrigerator goes above the set point sensors alert the refrigerator compressor to begin, and then the next cool down begins. The refrigerator attracts the cold liquified refrigerant, pressurizes and condenses the liquid, and raises the temperature, in order to turn it into a gas.

2. The refrigerator compressor unit guides the heated gas towards the refrigerator condenser coils on the exterior of the unit, where it comes in contact with the lower air temperature in the room and transforms to a liquid form.

3. The cooled liquified gas then continues its journey to the refrigerator evaporator, pushing through the many coils within the refrigerator and top freezer section.

4. The coolant absorbs the heated air from inside the appliance, lowering the temperature back to the correct final point.

5. The refrigerant will evaporate, and will return back into a gas form, and then returns to the refrigerator compressor unit so it can continue the cooling cycle.

Refrigeration is used in quite a few applications and household appliances, this includes heat pumps, AC units, refrigerators and residential freezers. By removing warmth from one area and then moving it to a different one the cycle of refrigeration helps cooling your home, provides a safe environment for food that is perishable, and also helps with manufacturing and storage of several different products and goods.

Need Refrigerator Repair?

Does your refrigerator need professional attention? Time to schedule service with Total Toledo Appliance Repair.

Total Toledo Appliance Repair can fix all major brands of refrigerators – including industrial models, stand-alone and side-by-side.Our licensed repairman in Toledo undergo training to repair cooling problems, ice makers, condensation issues, water puddles and leaks, light bulbs, touch controls, smart synchronization and numerous other malfunctions. We know all about refrigerator repair!